Electric Vehicles (EVs) are securing a rapidly growing share of the automotive market, driven by technology advancement, fuel prices, and financial incentives. EVs have unique characteristics and require unique infrastructure. Fehr & Peers helps clients prepare for EV demand, in terms of both planning and design.
Fehr & Peers provides support and guidance on the following topics:
EV Infrastructure Planning
Fehr & Peers understands the link between socioeconomic data, transportation behavior, and EV infrastructure needs. To help our clients estimate need, we start with overall demand, then tailor our estimates based on trip characteristics and travel behavior, also considering existing EV infrastructure that could be repurposed.
GHG and Energy Impacts of EVs
Fehr & Peers staff provides expert advice to clients worldwide on the role of transportation infrastructure in climate change and energy use. We understand the importance of knowing where the energy comes from and thoroughness in reporting. We can provide a “well to wheel to air” lifecycle assessment of the impacts of EV use.
EV Policy and Programming Guidance
Fehr & Peers continues to provide clients with critical input on the need for EV-related transportation infrastructure including Ready Set Charge and the Bay Area Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness Plan. We can assist with the development of EV requirements for new or existing residential/commercial developments and parking facilities. We will provide guidance on parking incentives (ex. grants, rebates, mitigation relief) that can promote EV use without causing unintended consequences.
EV Charging Station Site Planning and Design
After determining the overall need for EV infrastructure at your location, we can assist with the development of site-specific design features. This includes power/service needs, charging infrastructure, lighting, signage, ADA accessibility, location throughout facility, pavement markings, cord management, etc. Our registered professional engineers can provide construction documents for infrastructure required to support charging stations and assist with implementation.
Key Project Experience:
San Francisco Bay Area PEV Plan
Fehr & Peers was part of a team that developed EV Readiness strategies and EV Planning Guidance documents for the San Francisco Bay Area. The objective was to develop a Bay Area regional EV plan that covered the 9-County Bay Area and Monterey Central Coast regions. This plan, along with the five other CA regional plans was folded into a Statewide PEV Deployment Plan for California. The planning process was an opportunity to anticipate and align local approaches to deployment throughout the State. It proposed a collaborative approach of regional and State leaderships to collectively enhance the market for PEV and to share and promulgate best practices throughout the State. The document is publicly available here.
Fehr & Peers’ role on the project was to assist with the following:
- Analyses of barriers to the implementation of infrastructure in the respective regions and propose steps to reduce or eliminate the identified barriers.
- Review and summarize plans for PEV deployment in the regions.
- Develop a plan for locating residential, workplace, private, and publicly available charging infrastructure to promote the mass adoption of PEV in the regions, taking into account the varying urban, suburban and rural characteristics within the regions.
- Develop a plan to update zoning and parking rules as necessary to facilitate publicly available charging infrastructure
- Collect data on consumer charging behavior
- Estimate greenhouse gas emissions reductions from PEVs in the region.
- Integrate PEV readiness and promotion policies into Sustainable Community Strategies.
Fehr & Peers utilized the Bay Area regional travel demand model (developed by the Metropolitan Transportation Commission) to identify the most suitable locations for public electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). We first used the model to identify households that are likely to purchase plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) based on socioeconomic characteristics. For this subset of the Bay Area population, we then estimated usual routes and trip distances for both work and opportunity charging destinations. The trip distance information was compared with PEV range data to further refine the subset of likely PEV owners in the Bay Area. The final data was then used to determine the most appropriate locations for public EVSE, including major gaps in the charging network.
Martinez Intermodal Facility Lighting and EV Design
Fehr & Peers provided transportation design services as part of a team who designed the Martinez Intermodal Facility, just north of the Amtrak station in Martinez. The facility represented an expansion of the rail station to provide additional access, passenger capacity and parking. The design included a parking lot, two new street connections, and a pedestrian overcrossing over the rail lines. Fehr & Peers designed all the transportation electrical systems, including parking lot lighting, path lighting, intersection lighting, and electric vehicle charging stations. The lights provided dimming capabilities, and Fehr & Peers performed lighting analysis and photometric reports for the project. We worked with PG&E to design service panels to accommodate the lighting systems, electric vehicle charging stations (Level I/II), and elevator to the overcrossing.
California Guide to EV-Ready Communities
Fehr & Peers participated in the Technical Review Group for this statewide guide, leading the efforts to analyze, review and provide guidance and recommendations on potential modifications to the report. Released in November 2011 and available here, this document offers a suite of recommendations for potential adoption by local governments in order to integrated EVs into their cities. Fehr & Peers’ role was to peer-review the drafts of this document and provide comment and insight for the final version. Our key inputs were related to sample regulations and guidance for parking incentives and zoning amendments, as well as evaluating parking facilities for charger readiness and ADA accommodations.
Contra Costa County Transit Authority - Electric Bus Inductive Charging Station
Fehr & Peers provided design services for a team retained by CCCTA to design a wireless charging station for the first all-electric bus in Contra Costa County. The bus charging equipment, provided by Wave Corp. in Denver, includes a flush-mounted charging pad connected to charging equipment, cooling unit and a service pedestal with disconnect equipment. Fehr & Peers provided the electrical plans for the charging equipment, which included coordination with PG&E to obtain power from a service point several hundred feet away, and with BART, who owns the station where the CCCTA bus is charged. Fehr & Peers also designed the electrical facilities for wired charging equipment (two chargers) at CCCTA’s maintenance facility, which again involved coordination with PG&E and the City of Concord. Fehr & Peers designed all the transportation electrical systems, including and electric vehicle charging stations, external conduit, wiring (including voltage drop and ground-fault calculations) and specifications.